Minor Burns – Overview
Burns can be severe, and even minor burns can sometimes be difficult to deal with. Learning to recognize burns, treating burns quickly and preventing infections are some of the most important factors in speeding up the healing procedure. Minor burns are likely to happen almost anywhere and at any time. This is irrespective of the fact that whether you are curling your hair or making coffee. One wrong move and you will be left with a pesky and painful first-degree burn. Even the minor burns are essential to attend to because if left untreated they can result in major infections. However, it is best to go for home care treatments for minor burns.
Treating Major and Minor Burns
Minor burns are treated in a home environment by applying a cooling agent like cold water and covering it with a bandage and antibiotic ointment. This also involves taking some pain relieving medicines. However, the more serious burns need to be dealt with carefully, and there are different treatment options available for such burns depending on their severity. There are antibiotic creams that can effectively be used for preventing infections. Elevation of the burnt area for preventing swelling might also be essential. Skin grafts might be used for treating serious burns that cannot heal properly. However, our main lookout here is getting the best home treatments for minor burns.
Minor burns heal on their own. Home treatment is the only thing required for relieving the symptoms and for promoting the healing procedure. However, if you suspect having a more serious injury, then you must make use of first-aid measures and arrange for a doctor’s appointment.
Immediate First-Aid Measures for Minor Burns
Basic home care treatments for minor burns involve making use of first-aid measures as the first line of treatment. The steps are as follows:
- Stop the burning for preventing more serious burns.
- Thermal burns or heat burns: Cover the flames by using water or blanket. In case your clothes have caught fire, stop immediately, drop down and roll on the floor. This will smother the flames.
- For cold temperature burns, the first-aid measure that needs to be tried out in warming the burnt areas of the body. Small areas of the body like the fingers, nose, ears, and toes that seem to be frozen or cold need to be warmed. This can be done by blowing warm air onto these burns and by tucking them in clothes.
- Running cool tap water for around ten to twenty minutes can help in relieving liquid scald burns or thermal burns.
- First aid treatment for electrical burns involves separating the persona from the electrical source and checking the heartbeat and the breathing of the person.
- Natural foods like chili peppers contain substances that can irritate the skin resulting in burning sensation. These are called chemical burns, and the first line of treatment for these burns is finding out the chemical that caused the burn.
- Hot plastic or tar burns should be treated by running cold water immediately over the burns.
- The second first aid measure for all kinds of burns in looking for other injuries. This is because a burn might not be the only injury.
- Clothing or jewelry at the site of the burn should be removed. However, if clothing is stuck to the burnt area, it should not be removed. Cut the stuck clothing carefully. It is necessary to remove jewelry and clothing immediately because it might be difficult to remove it if by chance there is any swelling.
Preparing for a doctor’s evaluation:
If you are thinking of seeing a doctor soon:
- Try covering the burn with a dry and clean cloth. This helps in reducing the risk of any infection.
- Avoid applying any medicine or salve on the burnt area. This will help a doctor in assessing the burn accurately.
- Avoid putting butter or ice on the burnt area. Such measures are of no good and can damage skin tissue.
Home Treatment for First-Degree Burns
The steps that need to be followed for treating sunburns or minor or first-degree burns include:
- The cool cloth should be used on the burnt area.
- Frequent cool baths and showers should be taken.
- A soothing lotion needs to be applied. It would be better if the lotion contains aloe Vera because aloe Vera helps in relieving swelling and pain.
- There is not much that can be done for stopping the skin from peeling. It is a part of the healing procedure. Skin lotions can help in relieving itching.
Minor burns take a week’s time to heal completely without causing scars. It is always a good idea to make use of natural treatments for minor burns. The main objective of your treatment should be reducing pain, preventing infections and healing skin faster. Some of the most effective home care treatments for minor burns include:
Clean wet cloth or cool compress placed over a burn helps in relieving swelling and pain. The compress can be applied in five to fifteen-minute intervals. Avoid using cold compresses excessively because they might irritate the burn more.
This is one of the most effective natural methods for healing burns. Aloe Vera is called the burn plant, and it has been proved through studies that aloe Vera is quite effective in treating first to third-degree burns. The anti-inflammatory property of aloe Vera helps in promoting blood circulation and even inhibits bacteria growth. Applying aloe Vera gel taken directly from the leaf of an aloe Vera plant can go a long way in offering long-lasting relief from burns. When buying aloe Vera at stores, it is necessary to ensure that the cream or the ointment contains aloe Vera in high percentage. Products with perfumes, additives, and colorings should be avoided.
The acetic acid content of white vinegar helps in relieving the itching, inflammation, and pain caused by burns. White vinegar also works in the form of an astringent and an antiseptic and thus helps in keeping burns from getting infected. It also draws heat from burns and helps in dulling pain naturally. Paper towels soaked in white vinegar can create soothing compresses. Cotton swabs can also be used for gently dabbing burns with white vinegar.
Honey works in the form of an organic antibiotic and thus helps in preventing burns from getting infected. Natural honey has pH balance that avoids the growth of bacteria. Applying honey directly on a burn can help in killing existing bacteria and in doing away with infection lingering on the burnt area. Not only this, but honey also helps in cooling the burn, relieving pain and healing the skin. Typically, honey possesses some of the best natural benefits when used for healing burns.
Among the different organic treatments for burns, using milk for treating a burn is considered the best method. The protein and fat content of milk work by soothing burns and by promoting the healing procedure. Soaking the burnt area in milk for around fifteen minutes can offer instant relief. Whole-milk, full-fat yogurt is also effective in cooling and hydrating parched skin.
Oats have skin soothing properties that can help in reducing inflammation caused by burns. And oats serve as one of the most useful organic solutions for burns. Oats can be added to bath water and soaked for around twenty minutes for getting instant relief.
Coconut oil is one of the best sources of vitamin E that goes a long way in healing the skin most effectively. Also coconut oil contains beneficial fatty acids that are anti-bacterial and anti-fungal helping in keeping the burn from getting infected. Adding some lemon juice to coconut oil before massaging a mark on the skin caused by a burn can help in removing the mark permanently. Lemon juice has acidic properties that help in lightening the scars caused by burns whole coconut oil assists the healing procedure. It is worth noting that coconut oil is one of the most important ingredients of the beauty routines of many women.
Signs to Watch Out for When Caring for a Burn at Home
Burns that are newly healed can be very sensitive to temperature. Therefore, it is essential to protect healing burns from cold. If this is not done, then the burnt area might develop frostbite. Newly healed burnt areas can even get sunburnt very easily. Therefore, using a sun protection cream or lotion is highly recommended. The symptoms that should be watched for include:
- Difficulty breathing
- Pain increases
- Infection developing
- Symptoms getting frequent and more severe
Home care treatments for minor burns are very effective in the form of first-aid treatment, but it is essential that minor burns are treated carefully so that they do not turn into major injuries.