Superficial burns or burns of first degree are an injury that usually affects the top layer of the skin. It is one of those mildest forms of wounds and typically does not need any medical treatment. On the other side, some superficial burns can be very painful and require frequent visits to the medical practitioner. To treat first degree burns, one must be aware of the first-degree burn symptoms. These kinds of injuries are quite common, and they occur mostly in the household accident that includes touching a hot stove or burner accidentally. In this context, it is important to note that sunburn can also lie in the category of first degree burns. There exist a plethora of home remedies that can be applied to treat first degree burn.
The Causes of First Degree Burns That Should Be Taken Into Account
The various objects of a first degree burn always play a pivotal role in facilitating effective treatment. It is vital to note that early degree burns affect only the epidermis of the skin and the site of the burnt area sports a painful and reddish characteristic. The context of long-term tissue damage is very rare and usually comes with decrease and increase in the color of the skin. Here is the list of standard causes of first degree burns.
Scalds are the most common cause of first-degree burns. It is a common cause of burn for the first degree in kids who are younger than four years old. The hot liquid that spills from a pot may cause injuries to the hands. In this context, it is important to note that hot steam can also cause blisters on the skin. Scalds can also take place if you shower with boiling water. The temperature higher than the average levels can inflict serious skin injuries and these types of injuries are also quite common in young kids.
The Context of Sunburns
Sunburn takes place in the skin when they stay out in the sun for a considerable period. This is why it is always advisable to apply sunscreen on the affected part. The sun produces intense UV rays which go through the epidermis of the skin and can result in blisters and reddening of the surface of the skin. It is quite common in beaches.
With the emergence of electrical appliances in a lot of modern households, electrical burns can cause first-degree charring of the skin. Electrical cords and sockets are the main culprits behind the cause of superficial burns. If you kid put his or her fingers in the openings of an outlet or bites an electrical wire, then he or she may suffer from first degree burns. However, it is always dependent on the amount of voltage that passes through the cable and socket.
The Prevention of First Degree Burns
A majority of first degree burns can efficiently be prevented if you take into account the proper precautions. However, the treatment procedure of first-degree burns usually revolves around the phenomenon of taking adequate care of the skin. Here is the list of precautions necessary to prevent first degree burns.
- Make sure that you cover all the electrical wires where your kids cannot reach them\
- You have to unplug the appliances that should not be in use
- If you are living in tropical and equatorial climates, it is necessary to apply sunscreen on the skin that comes with a sun protection factor (SPF). The SPF levels should be higher than 30 so that there is a prevention of sunburn.
- You have to make sure that you keep a hot pot on the back burners where your kids can reach. Also, you have to ensure that you stay vigil on the young kids in the kitchen
- Be on the lookout to reset the temperature of the water heater to minimal levels to avoid burns related to first degree
- Always lay emphasis on buying proper type of electrical cords as they would protect your kids from harmful electrical shocks
The Treatment Procedure of First-Degree Burns
It is important to note that a majority of first degree burns have their treatment procedures at home. If you have experienced a first-degree burn, always opt to apply basic first aid. If irritation and pain persists, you can go forward to call your physician. The doctor would assess the burn to gauge its severity. The doctor would usually evaluate the burn by using a wide range of techniques. He or she would examine the depth of the burn and how much the burn has penetrated into the skin. The doctor would also be on the lookout for the various signs related to infection which depicts swelling and oozing.
The doctor would always be on the lookout for causes of first degree burns to determine the action plan in the correct action plan of treatment. And the doctor will also be on the lookout to see if the area requires immediate treatment. For instance, if there is burning in the difficult areas of the body, then the doctor would recommend dangerous medications.
The appropriate and prompt medical attention is necessary if the burnt area becomes infected and extremely excruciating. Burns on various regions would need an immediate visit to the physician. These areas always comprise of groin, hands, feet and face. You can also take into account the prospect of various home remedies so that your burns get treated in a proper manner. You should also take into account the first-degree burn symptoms so that you can adequately devise the home care remedies. Thorough research is always needed in designing effective treatment procedures related to first degree burns. Aloe Vera coupled with honey is widely used to treat primary degree burns.
Other Ways to Treat a First Degree Burn
It is interesting to note that early degree burns are the minor type of burns. They can be effectively treated at home. It is so because, in the case of first degree burns, only the outer layer of the skin gets affected. The outer layer of this coat is also known as the epidermis. The affected area is red in color and would be painful to touch. Besides that, there would be the formation of blisters which would shed in 5 to 6 days. There are various ways to treat a first degree burn.
For instance, you can opt to soak the burn in cold water for a minimum duration of five minutes. You can also choose to cover the burn with loose gauze which should be sterile in nature. Always make sure that you apply the bandage with clean hands as dirty hands would affect the treatment process and can cause acute infections. You can also opt to use burn creams and aloe versa creams and ointments. You can also apply an antibiotic ointment. Pain always accompanies first degree burns, and hence you have to consume ibuprofen in reducing pain and swelling. If the burn gets out of control and gets painful, you should always look forward to visiting a certified medical practitioner.
The Healing Period of a First Degree Burn
The healing period of a first degree burn is always dependent on the treatment procedures. As the skin peels, it may also heal. However, it also takes 5 to 25 days for a first degree burn to recover in an effective manner. The process of healing may always depend on the affected area. Make sure that you contact your doctor even if the burn depicts signs of deterioration. You can also opt to visit the pediatrician if your kid is suffering from a first degree burn. The healing period in case of a kid always takes the longer time to heal because children are not much attention to the caring needs of the first degree burns.
The First Aid Procedures Related to First Degree Burns
The first and foremost thing in case of a wound is to contain the extent of the damage related to burns. The first aid procedures would always prevent the burn from getting spreading.
- You have to remove clothing or any other accessories that are covering the burnt area. However, make sure that you do not pluck the garment from the affected area
- You should keep the damaged area under running water so that the burning sensation can be contained in a proper manner
- You do not have to apply creams on the burn as it would further aggravate the injury. However, you can give the individual a little dose of morphine as it is beneficial in relieving the pain of the body
- Always make sure that the affected person drinks a lot of fluids so that there is the complete absence of dehydration.